Health Problems in Warm Weather



Health Problems in Warm Weather



At very warm ambient temperatures, a number of sudden problem situations can occur. We think of dehydration, swelling due to heat (heat edema), heat cramps, exhaustion due to heat, heat stroke . Heat can therefore be harmful to health. 
A heat stroke can even be fatal. Especially with a high degree of humidity, the body temperature can rise quickly, even though the ambient temperature is not extremely high.

Symptoms or complaints


Hinder

On very hot days there are a number of signals where our body indicates that the heat is annoying. We sleep less well, which makes us tired and irritable. Concentration problems can also arise when it is too hot and when we sleep less well. We become less alert, we are listless, sometimes we feel anxious. These are usually the first signs that we are experiencing problems with heat.

What are you doing?


Provide cooling for yourself , but also for your home . Drink plenty of water and get plenty of rest.
Skin rash
Rashes can occur due to the heat. Red clusters of itchy blisters form on the skin. 

What are you doing?


Avoid the sun and ensure cooling . Keep the blisters dry. You can use talcum powder to soothe the skin and dry out the blisters. Contact your doctor if the result is excessive.
Sunscreen
If you do not protect yourself sufficiently against the sun , you can get sunburn. This is due to the UV radiation from the sun. The skin feels sore and is red and warm. Blisters may develop on the skin.


What are you doing?

Avoid the sun as long as the sunscreen is present. Cool burnt skin with cold cloths or take a cool shower. 
Apply moisturizing lotion (after-sun) to burnt skin. Do not puncture the blisters!
Dehydration
Heavy sweating and little drinking can lead to dehydration. Dehydration can be recognized by the fact that you have a large thirst, a dry mouth and a headache. Other signs of dehydration are dark urine or no more urine formation, less or no tear formation. The skin elasticity also decreases.

What are you doing?


Provide cooling (cool place, shade, cool shower, ...). Drink enough and dress as lightly as possible. Rest enough. 
Contact your doctor if someone no longer produces urine or if the skin elasticity deteriorates. If you have doubts about children or the elderly, be sure to consult a doctor.
Swollen limbs
Heat edema occurs in the lower limbs. This mainly occurs in obese people and / or people with high blood pressure. 

What are you doing?

You can try to remedy heat edema by resting enough with your legs up and drinking enough. Discuss with your doctor whether your medication may need to be adjusted. Certain medication can stimulate fluid retention.
Heat cramps
Heat cramps occur especially with excessive sweating during heavy physical exertion. These are usually muscle cramps, usually at the calf muscles (sometimes arms or abdomen), which disappear as soon as you rest. 

What are you doing?


In the case of heat cramps, it is best to stop your physical exertion and look for a cool place. Drink water and / or sports drinks. Wait until the cramps disappear before you perform physical activities again. 
To avoid heat cramps, energy drinks can help (certainly with long-term efforts). 
 Seek medical help if the cramps persist for more than 1 hour, if you have heart problems or if you are on a low-salt diet.
Heat exhaustion
Heat depletion occurs after a period of heat in which the body dries out. This can be the harbinger of a heat stroke. Heat exhaustion has many characteristics such as dizziness, faintness, fatigue, headache. The body temperature is still normal or slightly raised. The person starts sweating violently, the skin is pale and feels cold and clammy. Furthermore, nausea, vomiting and / or heat cramps may occur.

What are you doing?


In the case of heat exhaustion, you should look for a cool place. Drink water , but in small quantities at the same time. Loosen your clothes and cool your body by putting wet cloths on your body or taking a cool shower. 
Seek medical help when you have to vomit, when the symptoms get worse or when the symptoms last longer than 1 hour.
Solar stroke
You get a sun stroke through direct heat on an uncovered head, resulting in severe headache, nausea and dizziness. You may also suffer from others such as fever, sleepiness and loss of consciousness.

What are you doing?


With a solar stroke, it's best to find a cool place. Drink water , cool yourself and rest well. 
When in doubt, contact a doctor. 
If loss of consciousness occurs, notify 112.
Heat stroke
Heat stroke is usually a result of prolonged exposure to high temperatures. This can cause serious complications. You recognize heat stroke by high body temperature (more than 39 ° C to 45 ° C), increase in heart rhythm (more than 100 beats per minute), unusual restlessness, warm, red and dry skin, headache, vomiting and vomiting, convulsions, loss of consciousness to even coma. This is a medical urgency that, if not treated, can lead to death in a short time.

What are you doing?


If someone loses consciousness, call emergency services immediately. Follow the instructions of the emergency services. 
Give the person most of all non-drinking! 
Take the person to a cool place and cool the person immediately. The best method is to drip, pour or spray water on the entire skin and simultaneously blow with an air source to bring cooling. The use of ice packs or immersing the body in water is not recommended. 

Possible health problems with high ozone values

Ozone is a very aggressive gas that occurs especially on hot summer days. It damages your mucous membranes and penetrates deep into your lungs, where it causes local inflammatory symptoms. In addition, ozone makes your airways more sensitive to allergens, which can lead to asthma attacks.

Possible complaints when exposed to too high an ozone concentration are:

  • irritated eyes
  • a stinging nose and throat
  • a dry cough and wheezing
  • shortness of breath and a feeling of breathlessness
  • pain in the chest
  • headache
  • asthma attacks  

What can you do to prevent health problems caused by ozone?

  • Do not make strenuous efforts between 12 and 22 hours.
  • Bear in mind that the ozone values ​​are highest later in the day and that this does not coincide with the warmest moment of the day.
  • If you are sensitive to ozone, stay inside as much as possible. Ozone concentrations are always considerably lower inside than outside.
  • Rest as much as possible.

Post a Comment

0 Comments